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Category: Tax Burdens


In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, Georgia collected $35.2 billion in state and local taxes. While this is an impressive sum of money, it tells us little about whether or not the average Georgia taxpayer can afford this level of taxation.

 

 

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2015

 

As shown in Chart 1, Georgia’s state and local tax burden (tax collections divided by private sector personal income) was the tenth lowest in the nation for FY 2015 at 12.5 percent—or -13 percent below the national average of 14.4 percent.

 

Chart 1 Georgia State and Local Tax Burden FY 2015.jpg

 

#Georgia #taxburden in FY 2015 was 10th lowest in the nation at 12.5%— -13% below US avg http://bit.ly/2oxXkde @keypolicydata #GAgov #GApol (click to tweet)

 

As shown in Chart 2, Georgia’s tax burden has increased over time by 65 percent to 12.5 percent in FY 2015 from 7.6 percent in FY 1950.

 

Chart 2 Georgia Tax Burden by Type of Tax FY 1950 to 2015.JPG

 

#Georgia #taxburden has increased 65% between FY 1950 to 2015 to 12.5% from 7.6% http://bit.ly/2oxXkde @keypolicydata #GAgov #GApol (click to tweet)

 

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2015

 

As shown in Chart 3, Georgia’s 12.4 percent tax burden is greater than these combined industries: retail trade (6.5 percent), construction (5 percent), and farm earnings (0.9 percent).

 

Chart 3 Georgia State and Local Tax Burden vs. Major Industry FY 2015.JPG

 

#Georgia #taxburden > combined industries: retail, construction, and farming http://bit.ly/2oxXkde @keypolicydata #GAgov #GApol (click to tweet)

 

Georgian’s lower than average state and local tax burden is driven by a low corporate income tax burden (0.4 percent, 14th lowest), and all other taxes burden (1.6 percent, 2nd lowest).

 

 

Of course, the tax burdens for local government can vary just as much as they do among the 50 states. As such, we have also calculated the local government tax burden for every county in Georgia—this includes every taxing jurisdiction within the geographic county borders whether it is a city, a special district, or county government itself.

 

The Georgia counties/cities with the highest local government tax burden include:

 

  • Hancock County, GA (17.7 percent)
  • Taliaferro County, GA (17 percent)
  • Heard County, GA (14 percent)
  • Randolph County, GA (13.2 percent)
  • Burke County, GA (12.9 percent)
  • Richmond County, GA (12.6 percent)
  • Rabun County, GA (12.4 percent)
  • Camden County, GA (11.6 percent)
  • Clarke County, GA (11.4 percent)
  • Wilkinson County, GA (11.2 percent)

 

The Georgia counties/cities with the lowest local government tax burden include:

 

  • Forsyth County, GA (3.3 percent)
  • Oconee County, GA (3.5 percent)
  • Columbia County, GA (3.5 percent)
  • Cherokee County, GA (3.5 percent)
  • Cobb County, GA (4 percent)
  • Paulding County, GA (4 percent)
  • Harris County, GA (4.1 percent)
  • Lee County, GA (4.1 percent)
  • Pike County, GA (4.1 percent)
  • Long County, GA (4.2 percent)

 

Chart 4 Georgia Local Tax Burden by County FY 2015.JPG

 

Note: The tax burdens for counties (or independent cities) with large military bases, such as Chattahoochee and Liberty Counties, are inflated because, by definition, military compensation is excluded from the denominator as it does not constitute private sector activity. Both were excluded from the map.

 

Additionally, military activity often physically crowds-out the private sector pushing it out into surrounding areas. While a significant portion of surrounding private sector activity is due to the presence of the base, it is counted in the counties where the business is physically located. Thus, the tax burden, as a percent of private sector personal income, is overstated in counties with military bases and understated in surrounding counties.

 

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2015

 

 

Finally, don’t forget to watch our exclusive time-lapse video of state and local tax burdens over the last 65 years! See if your state has been above or below the national average?

 

 


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