There are two major elements to look at when examining a state’s government workforce—the number of employees and the level of their pay. Each element is measured relative to the national average and summed together to obtain an overall measure of workforce productivity. By this metric, Arizona has the twenty-fourth least productive state and local government workforce in the country.
On state and local government employment, Arizona has 16.74 employees for every 100 employees in the private sector which is -0.2 percent below the national average of 16.77 and is the 20th lowest ratio in the country.
On state and local government compensation, Arizona’s government employees earn 11.7 percent more than those in the private sector which is -0.1 percent lower than the national average of 11.7 percent and is the 22nd highest compensation ratio in the country.
On state and local wages and salaries, Arizona’s government employees earn -6.9 percent less than those in the private sector—the 25th highest wages and salaries ratio in the country and higher than the national average of -8.8 percent.
On state and local benefits (pensions, health insurance, etc.), Arizona’s employees earn 112.6 percent more than those in the private sector which is -2.1 percent lower than the national average of 115 percent and is the 12th highest benefit ratio in the country.
Overall, Arizona state and local government workforce is slightly worse than average and is driven by a high benefit ratio—the 12th highest in the country.
Note: Recent data updates include significant definitional changes, especially to benefits which are now based on an accrual basis as opposed to a cash-basis. The changes currently go back to 2000 so comparisons between pre- and post-2000 data must be used with caution.
J. Scott Moody has over 18 years as a public policy economist with a specialty in tax policy and has over 180 publications. He has worked for numerous national and state-based think tanks such as Federalism In Action, Tax Foundation, Heritage Foundation, and The Maine Heritage Policy Center.