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Alaska is the Eleventh Biggest Net Receiver of Federal Spending in 2013

Mar 26, 2016


In the course of collecting taxes and spending money, the federal government inevitably creates “winners” and “losers” across the American landscape. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2013, Alaska is the eleventh biggest net receiver of federal spending relative to federal taxes paid.

 

 

 

As shown in Chart 1, Alaska paid $12,220 per person in federal taxes in FY 2013—this was 9 percent above the national average ($10,722 per person) and ranked as the 9th highest level in the country.

 

 Chart 1 Alaska Federal Taxes Per Capita by State Fiscal Year 2013.jpg

 

Federal Taxes by Type in FY 2013:

 

 

  • Corporate Income Tax: The federal corporate income tax paid in Alaska was $1,084 per person—this was above the national average of $865 per person by 25 percent and ranked as the 5th highest in the country.

 

  • Payroll Tax: The federal payroll tax paid in Alaska was $3,475 per person—this was above the national average of $2,998 per person by 16 percent and ranked as the 10th highest in the country.

 

  • Excise Taxes: Federal excise taxes paid in Alaska was $305 per person—this was above the national average of $266 per person by 15 percent and ranked as the 9th highest in the country.

 

  • Estate and Gift Taxes: Federal estate and gift taxes paid in Alaska was $21 per person—this was below the national average of $60 per person by -65 percent and ranked as the 7th lowest in the country.

 

  • Custom Duties: Federal custom duties paid in Alaska was $116 per person—this was above the national average of $101 per person by 16 percent and ranked as the 10th highest in the country.

 

  • Miscellaneous Taxes: Federal miscellaneous taxes paid in Alaska was $375 per person—this was above the national average of $325 per person by 16 percent and ranked as the 9th highest in the country.

 

  • Deficit: The federal deficit, which is deferred taxation, accrued in Alaska was $2,355 per person—this was above the national average of $1,944 per person by 21 percent and ranked as the 6th highest in the country.

 

On the other hand, as shown in Chart 2, Alaska received $16,267 per person in federal spending in FY 2013—this was 52 percent above the national average ($10,722 per person) and ranked as the 3rd highest level in the country.

 

 Chart 2 Alaska Federal Spending Per Capita by State Fiscal Year 2013.jpg

 

Federal Spending by Type in FY 2013:

 

  • Retirement and Disability: Federal retirement and disability payments (for example, Social Security and Medicare) in Alaska was $2,595 per person—this was below the national average of $3,318 per person by -22 percent and ranked as the 3rd lowest in the country (see our unique app showing federal pension data).

 

  • Other Direct Payments: Federal other direct payments (for example, the Earned Income Tax Credit) in Alaska was $1,558 per person—this was below the national average of $2,500 by -38 percent and ranked as the 2nd lowest in the country.

 

  • Grants to State and Local Governments: Federal grants to state and local governments (for example, Medicaid) in Alaska was $3,633 per person—this was above the national average of $1,811 by 101 percent and ranked as the highest in the country.

 

  • Procurement: Federal procurement (for example, Department of Defense) in Alaska was $2,227 per person—this was above the national average of $1,337 by 67 percent and ranked as the 6th highest the country.

 

 

  • Interest on National Debt: Federal interest paid on the national debt in Alaska was $753 per person—this was above the national average of $699 by 8 percent and ranked as the 17th highest in the country.

 

Overall, #Alaska receives $1.33 in #federalspending for every $1.00 sent to Washington, D.C. in #federaltaxes. (Click to Tweet) As shown in Chart 3, Alaska’s federal tax and spend ratio is the eleventh highest in the country.

 

 Chart 3 Alaska Federal Tax and Spending Ratios by State Fiscal Year 2013.jpg

 

Of course, federal taxes paid and federal spending received do not flow evenly throughout the state. As such, we have also calculated the federal tax and spending ratios for every Borough or Census Area in Alaska—though this was based on slightly older FY 2010 data.

 

 

 

The top 10 Alaska Boroughs or Census Areas with the highest federal tax and spending ratios include:

 

  • Valdez-Cordova Census Area, AK ($12.44)
  • Bristol Bay Borough, AK ($5.93)
  • Denali Borough, AK ($4.73)
  • Wade Hampton Census Area, AK ($4.57)
  • Bethel Census Area, AK ($3.51)
  • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, AK ($3.33)
  • Aleutians East Borough, AK ($2.28)
  • Nome Census Area, AK ($2.24)
  • Juneau City and Borough, AK ($1.91)
  • Yakutat City and Borough, AK ($1.62)

 

The bottom 10 Alaska Boroughs or Census Areas with the lowest federal tax and spend ratios include: 

 

  • Matanuska-Susitna Borough, AK ($0.40)
  • Kenai Peninsula Borough, AK ($0.63)
  • North Slope Borough, AK ($0.72)
  • Haines Borough, AK ($0.73)
  • Aleutians West Census Area, AK ($0.79)
  • Ketchikan Gateway Borough, AK ($1.01)
  • Sitka City and Borough, AK ($1.13)
  • Lake and Peninsula Borough, AK ($1.27)
  • Anchorage Municipality, AK ($1.27)
  • Northwest Arctic Borough, AK ($1.30)

 

Note: The data is based on the federal fiscal year that runs from September 1 to October 30.

 

Click here to view our full federal tax and spending data app with details by state, by county, by type of tax and spending, and over time.



Wendy Warcholik

Dr. Wendy P. Warcholik has worked in public policy for nearly 20 years. She is currently the Director of the Family Prosperity Initiative at the American Conservative Union Foundation. She has also been at the Bureau of Economic Analysis, The Tax Foundation, and The Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs. She received her PhD in Economics from George Mason University (Fairfax, VA).


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