STORY ARCHIVESSTORY ARCHIVES
VIEW OUR APPSVIEW OUR APPS

Alabama’s State and Local Government Workforce is the Twenty-Third “Least Productive” in 2016

Feb 04, 2018

Print Friendly and PDF


There are two major elements to look at when examining a state’s state and local government workforce—the number of employees and the level of their pay. In this analysis, each element is measured relative to the national average and summed together to obtain an overall measure of workforce productivity. Based on this state and local government workforce productivity index, Alabama has the twenty-third least productive state and local government workforce in the country.

 

Click here to view our full government workforce data app with details by state, by county, level of government, and over time.

 

 

In 2016, #Alabama had the 23rd least productive state and local #government workforce in the country http://bit.ly/2BDEhpN @keypolicydata #ALpolitics #ALleg #ALsen #ALgov (click to tweet)

 

As shown in Chart 1, for state and local government employment in 2016, Alabama employed 19.3 employees for every 100 employees in the private sector (employment ratio) which is 23 percent above the national average of 15.7 and is 9th highest ratio in the country.

 

 Chart 1 Alabama State and Local Government Employees per 100 Private Sector Employees Rank 2016.jpg

 

In 2016, #Alabama state & local #government employed 19.3 for every 100 employed in private sector—the 9th highest ratio in the country and 23% above the US average of 15.7 http://bit.ly/2BDEhpN @keypolicydata #ALpolitics #ALleg #ALsen #ALgov (click to tweet)

 

Additionally, Alabama’s employment ratio has been increasing. As shown in Chart 2, between 1969 and 2016, the employment ratio increased by 16 percent to 19.3 in 2016 from 16.7 in 1969. In contrast, the national average increased by 2 percent to 15.7 in 2016 from 15.4 in 1969.

 

 Chart 2 Alabama State and Local Employment Ratio vs. U.S. Average 1969 to 2016.JPG

 

As shown in Chart 3, for state and local government compensation in 2016, Alabama government employees earn 10 percent more than those in the private sector (compensation ratio) which is -29 percent lower than the national average of 14 percent and is the 22nd lowest compensation ratio in the country.

 

 Chart 3 Alabama State and Local Government Compensation as a Percent of the Private Sector Rank 2016.jpg

 

In 2016, #Alabama state & local #government compensation was 10% higher than in the private sector—the 22nd lowest ratio in the country and -29% below US average of 14% http://bit.ly/2BDEhpN @keypolicydata #ALpolitics #ALleg #ALsen #ALgov (click to tweet)

 

Additionally, Alabama’s compensation ratio has been increasing. As shown in Chart 4, between 1969 and 2016, the compensation ratio increased by 17 percentage points to 10 percent in 2016 from -7 percent in 1969. This growth rate is faster than the national average which increased by 15 percentage points to 14 percent in 2016 from -1 percent in 1969.

 

 Chart 4 Alabama State and Local Compensation Ratio vs. U.S. Average 1969 to 2016.JPG

 

As shown in Chart 5, it is state and local benefits that are responsible for Alabama’s below average government compensation ratio. For state and local wages and salaries in 2016, Alabama employees earn on -5 percent less than those in the private sector which is the 20th highest wages and salaries ratio in the country and higher than the national average of -8 percent.

 

 Chart 5 Alabama Components of State and Local Compensation Ratio 1969 to 2016.JPG

 

For state and local benefits in 2016, Alabama employees earn 78 percent more than those in the private sector which is -39 percent lower than the national average of 127 percent and is the 12th lowest benefit ratio in the country.

 

 

Click here to view our full government workforce data app with details by state, by county, level of government, and over time.

 

Of course, efficiency for local government helps to be measured on a more local scale. As such, we have also calculated the employment and compensations ratios of local government workers for every county in Alabama.

 

The Alabama counties with the highest local government employment ratios include (state average is 13.0):

  • Greene County, AL (44.2)
  • Hale County, AL (38.0)
  • Cleburne County, AL (36.6)
  • Escambia County, AL (35.7)
  • Macon County, AL (34.6)
  • Geneva County, AL (34.1)
  • Fayette County, AL (30.5)
  • Bibb County, AL (30.2)
  • Washington County, AL (30.2)
  • Pickens County, AL (29.6)

 

The Alabama counties with the lowest local government employment ratios include (state average is 13.0):

  • Choctaw County, AL (12.4)
  • Lauderdale County, AL (12.2)
  • Tallapoosa County, AL (12.2)
  • Baldwin County, AL (11.8)
  • Talladega County, AL (11.3)
  • Pike County, AL (10.0)
  • Mobile County, AL (9.9)
  • Jefferson County, AL (8.7)
  • Shelby County, AL (8.2)
  • Montgomery County, AL (8.2)

 

The Alabama counties with the highest local government compensation ratios include (state average is 4 percent):

  • Lee County, AL (42 percent)
  • Lauderdale County, AL (35 percent)
  • Baldwin County, AL (32 percent)
  • Macon County, AL (32 percent)
  • Coffee County, AL (28 percent)
  • Marshall County, AL (26 percent)
  • Calhoun County, AL (25 percent)
  • Houston County, AL (25 percent)
  • Perry County, AL (24 percent)
  • Blount County, AL (23 percent)

 

The Alabama counties with the lowest local government compensation ratios include (state average is 4 percent):

  • Bibb County, AL (-8 percent)
  • Monroe County, AL (-9 percent)
  • Cleburne County, AL (-10 percent)
  • Shelby County, AL (-10 percent)
  • Talladega County, AL (-13 percent)
  • Lowndes County, AL (-20 percent)
  • Wilcox County, AL (-22 percent)
  • Choctaw County, AL (-23 percent)
  • Dale County, AL (-25 percent)
  • Washington County, AL (-50 percent)

 

Overall, it is Alabama’s high employment ratio that is the primary reason for Alabama having the 23rd worst state and local government workforce productivity index.

 

Read more about the "government workforce productivity Index" methodology here.

 

Click here to view our full government workforce data app with details by state, by county, level of government, and over time.

 

 

Finally, don’t forget to watch our exclusive time-lapse video of our state and local government workforce productivity index over the last 47 years! See if your state has been above or below the national average?

 

 



J. Scott Moody

Scott has nearly 20 years of experience as a public policy economist. He is the author, co-author and editor of over 180 studies and books. His professional experience also includes positions at the American Conservative Union Foundation, Granite Institute, Federalism In Action, Maine Heritage Policy Center, Tax Foundation, and Heritage Foundation.


blog comments powered by Disqus

Check Out Our Unique Apps:

U.S. Capitol.jpg

Government Workforce

Tax Squeeze.jpg

Tax Burden

Strings Attached to Federal Dollars.jpg

Federal Tax and Spend

Hundred Dollar Bill.jpg

Cost of Living (COLI)

Baby.JPG

Demographic

Measuring a Dollar.jpg

Federal Tax & COLI

Retired.jpg

Federal Pension

United States Office of Personnel Management Seal.jpg

Federal Payroll

Check Out All Posts For Your State:

Alabama.jpg  Alabama

Alaska.jpg  Alaska   

Arizona.jpg   Arizona 

Arkansas.jpg  Arkansas

California.jpg  California

Colorado.jpg  Colorado

Connecticut.jpg  Connecticut

 Delaware.jpg  Delaware

Florida.jpg  Florida

 Georgia.jpg  Georgia

Hawaii.jpg  Hawaii

  Idaho.jpg  Idaho

   Illinois.jpg  Illinois

   Indiana.jpg  Indiana

  Iowa.jpg  Iowa

  Kansas.jpg  Kansas

  Kentucky.jpg  Kentucky

   Louisiana.jpg  Louisiana

   Maine.jpg  Maine

  Maryland.jpg  Maryland

Massachusetts.jpg  Massachusetts

Michigan.jpg  Michigan

Minnesota.jpg  Minnesota

  Mississippi.jpg  Mississippi

Missouri.jpg  Missouri

Montana.jpg  Montana

Nebraska.jpg  Nebraska

Nevada.jpg  Nevada

New Hampshire.jpg  New Hampshire

New Jersey.jpg  New Jersey

New Mexico.jpg  New Mexico

New York.jpg  New York

North Carolina.jpg  North Carolina

North Dakota.jpg  North Dakota

Ohio.jpg  Ohio

Oklahoma.jpg  Oklahoma

Oregon.jpg  Oregon

Pennsylvania.jpg  Pennsylvania

Rhode Island.jpg  Rhode Island

South Carolina.jpg  South Carolina

South Dakota.jpg  South Dakota

Tennessee.jpg  Tennessee

Texas.jpg  Texas

Utah.jpg  Utah

Vermont.jpg  Vermont

Virginia.jpg  Virginia

Washington.jpg  Washington

West Virginia.jpg  West Virginia

Wisconsin.jpg  Wisconsin

Wyoming.jpg  Wyoming