In Fiscal Year (FY) 2011, Alabama collected $13.09 billion in state and local taxes. While this is an impressive sum of money, it tells us little about whether or not the average Alabama taxpayer can afford this level of taxation.
As shown in the charts below, Alabama’s state and local tax burden (tax collections divided by personal income) was the third lowest in the nation for FY 2011 at 8.4 percent—or 19.6 percent below the national average of 10.5 percent. Not surprisingly, the tax burden has grown modestly over time by 32.6 percent to 8.4 percent in FY 2011 from 6.4 percent in FY 1950.
Alabama’s low tax burden is not driven by the absence of any particular element in their tax code. However, unlike states like New York, all of Alabama’s state level taxes are fairly modest with tax burden falling at or below the national average. At the local level, the property tax burden is rock-bottom at 1.57 percent which is 54.6 percent below the national average (3.46 percent) and is the lowest ranked in the country.
Scott has nearly 20 years of experience as a public policy economist. He is the author, co-author and editor of over 180 studies and books. His professional experience also includes positions at the American Conservative Union Foundation, Granite Institute, Federalism In Action, Maine Heritage Policy Center, Tax Foundation, and Heritage Foundation.