There are two major elements to look at when examining a state’s government workforce—the number of employees and the level of their pay. Each element is measured relative to the national average and summed together to obtain an overall measure of workforce productivity. By this metric, Connecticut has the fourteenth most productive state and local government workforce in the country.
On state and local government employment, Connecticut ranks just below the national average with 15.74 employees for every 100 employees in the private sector which is -6.1 percent below the national average of 16.77 and is the 11th lowest ratio in the country.
On state and local government compensation, Connecticut ranks low with government employees earning only 3.9 percent more than those in the private sector—significantly below the national average of 11.7 percent and is the 16th lowest compensation ratio in the country.
Both wages and salaries and benefits contribute to Connecticut’s low government compensation ratio. On state and local wages and salaries, Connecticut employees earn -14.2 percent less than those in the private sector—the 13th lowest wages and salaries ratio in the country and below than the national average of -8.8 percent.
On state and local benefits (pensions, health insurance, etc.), Connecticut employees earn 96.2 percent more than those in the private sector which is -16.3 percent lower than the national average of 115 percent and is the 25th highest benefit ratio in the country.
Overall, it is Connecticut’s low government compensation ratio, especially driven by a low wages and salaries ratio, which is the primary source of the good government workforce metrics.
Note: Recent data updates include significant definitional changes, especially to benefits which are now based on an accrual basis as opposed to a cash-basis. The changes currently go back to 2000 so comparisons between pre- and post-2000 data must be used with caution.
Scott has nearly 20 years of experience as a public policy economist. He is the author, co-author and editor of over 180 studies and books. His professional experience also includes positions at the American Conservative Union Foundation, Granite Institute, Federalism In Action, Maine Heritage Policy Center, Tax Foundation, and Heritage Foundation.