There are two major elements to look at when examining a state’s government workforce—the number of employees and the level of their pay. Each element is measured relative to the national average and summed together to obtain an overall measure of workforce productivity. By this metric, Utah has the twenty-first most productive state and local government workforce in the country.
On state and local government employment, Utah ranks above the national average with 17.85 employees for every 100 employees in the private sector which is 6.4 percent above the national average of 16.77 and is the 22nd highest ratio in the country.
On state and local government compensation, Utah ranks below average with government employees earning 7.6 percent more than those in the private sector—below the national average of 11.7 percent and is the 29th highest compensation ratio in the country.
On state and local wages and salaries, Utah employees earn -14.7 percent less than those in the private sector—the 12th lowest wages and salaries ratio in the country and below than the national average of -8.8 percent.
On state and local benefits (pensions, health insurance, etc.), Utah employees earn 116 percent more than those in the private sector which is 0.8 percent higher than the national average of 115 percent and is the 11th highest benefit ratio in the country.
Overall, Utah’s state and local government workforce is a battle of extremes. On the one hand, Utah’s benefit ratio is the 11th highest in the country, but is offset by having the 12th lowest wages and salaries ratio. As a result, this puts Utah in the middle-of-the-pack nationally.
Note: Recent data updates include significant definitional changes, especially to benefits which are now based on an accrual basis as opposed to a cash-basis. The changes currently go back to 2000 so comparisons between pre- and post-2000 data must be used with caution.
J. Scott Moody has over 18 years as a public policy economist with a specialty in tax policy and has over 180 publications. He has worked for numerous national and state-based think tanks such as Federalism In Action, Tax Foundation, Heritage Foundation, and The Maine Heritage Policy Center.