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Maryland’s State and Local Government Workforce is the Thirteenth “Least Productive” in 2016

Jan 17, 2018

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There are two major elements to look at when examining a state’s state and local government workforce—the number of employees and the level of their pay. In this analysis, each element is measured relative to the national average and summed together to obtain an overall measure of workforce productivity. Based on this state and local government workforce productivity index, Maryland has the thirteenth least productive state and local government workforce in the country.

 

Click here to view our full government workforce data app with details by state, by county, level of government, and over time.

 

 

In 2016, #Maryland had the 13th least productive state and local #government workforce in the country http://bit.ly/2BDEhpN @keypolicydata #MDpolitics #MDleg #MDsen #MDgov (click to tweet)

 

As shown in Chart 1, for state and local government employment in 2016, Maryland employed 15.4 employees for every 100 employees in the private sector (employment ratio) which is below the national average of 15.7 and is the 18th lowest ratio in the country.

 

 Chart 1 Maryland State and Local Government Employees per 100 Private Sector Employees Rank 2016.jpg

 

In 2016, #Maryland state & local #government employed 15.4 for every 100 employed in private sector—the 18th lowest ratio in the country and below the US average of 15.7 http://bit.ly/2BDEhpN @keypolicydata #MDpolitics #MDleg #MDsen #MDgov (click to tweet)

 

Additionally, Maryland’s employment ratio has been decreasing. As shown in Chart 2, between 1969 and 2016, the employment ratio shrank by -10 percent to 15.4 in 2016 from 17.1 in 1969. This decrease is in contrast to the national average which increased by 2 percent to 15.7 in 2016 from 15.4 in 1969.

 

 Chart 2 Maryland State and Local Employment Ratio vs. U.S. Average 1969 to 2016.JPG

 

As shown in Chart 3, for state and local government compensation in 2016, Maryland government employees earning 21 percent more than those in the private sector (compensation ratio) which is 55 percent higher than the national average of 14 percent and is the 11th highest compensation ratio in the country.

 

 Chart 3 Maryland State and Local Government Compensation as a Percent of the Private Sector Rank 2016.jpg

 

In 2016, #Maryland state & local #government compensation was 21% higher than in the private sector—the 11th highest ratio in the country and 55% above US average of 14% http://bit.ly/2BDEhpN @keypolicydata #MDpolitics #MDleg #MDsen #MDgov (click to tweet)

 

Additionally, Maryland’s compensation ratio has been increasing. As shown in Chart 4, between 1969 and 2016, the compensation ratio increased by 15 percentage points to 21 percent in 2016 from 6 percent in 1969. This growth rate is on par with the national average which increased by 15 percentage points to 14 percent in 2016 from -1 percent in 1969.

 

 Chart 4 Maryland State and Local Compensation Ratio vs. U.S. Average 1969 to 2016.JPG

 

As shown in Chart 5, it is state and local wages and salaries and benefits that are responsible for Maryland’s high government compensation ratio. For state and local wages and salaries in 2016, Maryland employees earn -1 percent less than those in the private sector which is the 15th highest wages and salaries ratio in the country and significantly higher than the national average of -8 percent.

 

 Chart 5 Maryland Components of State and Local Compensation Ratio 1969 to 2016.JPG

 

For state and local benefits in 2016, Maryland employees earn 137 percent more than those in the private sector which is 7 percent higher than the national average of 127 percent and is the 8th highest benefit ratio in the country.

 

 

Click here to view our full government workforce data app with details by state, by county, level of government, and over time.

 

Of course, efficiency for local government helps to be measured on a more local scale. As such, we have also calculated the employment and compensations ratios of local government workers for every county in Maryland.

 

The Maryland local government employment ratios are (state average is 11, ranked from highest to lowest):

 

  • Somerset County, MD (23.5)
  • Charles County, MD (19.2)
  • Queen Anne's County, MD (18.3)
  • Calvert County, MD (17.9)
  • Prince George's County, MD (17.3)
  • Cecil County, MD (15.5)
  • Worcester County, MD (14.4)
  • Dorchester County, MD (14.2)
  • Wicomico County, MD (12.8)
  • Caroline County, MD (12.7)
  • Garrett, County MD (12.7)
  • Carroll County, MD (12.6)
  • St. Mary's County, MD (12.2)
  • Harford County, MD (11.7)
  • Frederick County, MD (11.6)
  • Allegany County, MD (11.4)
  • Montgomery County, MD (10.8)
  • Kent County, MD (10.8)
  • Washington County, MD (9.7)
  • Anne Arundel County, MD (9.1)
  • Howard County, MD (8.9)
  • Baltimore County, MD (8.6)
  • Baltimore (Independent City), MD (8.6)
  • Talbot County, MD (7.5)

 

The Maryland local government compensation ratios are (state average is 18 percent, ranked highest to lowest):

 

  • Caroline County, MD (126 percent)
  • Worcester County, MD (77 percent)
  • Queen Anne's County, MD (49 percent)
  • Talbo County t, MD (49 percent)
  • Garrett County, MD (49 percent)
  • Charles County, MD (48 percent)
  • Dorchester County, MD (43 percent)
  • Prince George's County, MD (42 percent)
  • Allegany County, MD (41 percent)
  • Somerset County, MD (40 percent)
  • Washington County, MD (31 percent)
  • Kent County, MD (31 percent)
  • Frederick County, MD (27 percent)
  • Carroll County, MD (27 percent)
  • Harford County, MD (27 percent)
  • Cecil County, MD (22 percent)
  • Baltimore County, MD (19 percent)
  • Wicomico County, MD (17 percent)
  • Baltimore (Independent City), MD (15 percent)
  • St. Mary's County, MD (12 percent)
  • Calvert County, MD (12 percent)
  • Anne Arundel County, MD (7 percent)
  • Howard County, MD (4 percent)
  • Montgomery County, MD (3 percent)

 

Overall, it is Maryland’s high compensation ratio, driven by wages and salaries and benefits, that is the primary reason for Maryland having the 13th worst state and local government workforce productivity index.

 

Read more about the "government workforce productivity Index" methodology here.

 

Click here to view our full government workforce data app with details by state, by county, level of government, and over time.

 

 

Finally, don’t forget to watch our exclusive time-lapse video of our state and local government workforce productivity index over the last 47 years! See if your state has been above or below the national average?

 

 



J. Scott Moody

Scott has nearly 20 years of experience as a public policy economist. He is the author, co-author and editor of over 180 studies and books. His professional experience also includes positions at the American Conservative Union Foundation, Granite Institute, Federalism In Action, Maine Heritage Policy Center, Tax Foundation, and Heritage Foundation.


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